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Rail passenger numbers and crowding on weekdays in major cities in England and Wales: 2011

This Statistical Release presents information from 2011 about rail passenger numbers on trains throughout the day in several major cities, as well as the levels of peak crowding.

These statistics are based on passenger counts carried out by franchised train operators of the numbers of passengers using their services in the autumn period and represent passenger numbers on a ‘typical weekday’. They cover national rail services only.

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Key points

  • On a typical weekday in autumn 2011, 532 thousand passengers arrived into central London by rail during the morning peak. This compared to 443 thousand passengers departing central London during the afternoon peak.
  • Outside London, Birmingham had the highest number of passengers travelling during the peaks, with 36 thousand arrivals in the morning peak and 40 thousand departures in the afternoon peak.
  • Overall crowding across both peaks, as measured by the percentage of passengers in excess of capacity (PiXC), was 3.2 per cent in 2011 on London & South East rail services. This was an increase from 3.0 per cent in 2010. Crowding in the morning peak stayed level at 4.0 per cent of passengers in excess of capacity, but afternoon peak PiXC increased from 1.9 per cent in 2010 to 2.3 per cent in 2011.
  • First Great Western had the highest level of PiXC of any London & South East operator with 10.5 per cent across both peaks, although this was a fall from 16.6 per cent in 2010.
  • Birmingham had the highest crowding outside London in the morning peak in 2011 with 3.1 per cent of passengers in excess of capacity. Manchester had the highest crowding in the afternoon peak with 2.5 per cent of passengers in excess of capacity.

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Browse statistical tables related to this release:

Passenger number statistics tables

Crowding statistics tables

Technical information

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